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Learn about TBI > Facts about TBI

Recent data shows that, on average, approximately 1.4 million people sustain a TBI each year in the United States. Of those:

  • 50,000 die;
  • 235,000 are hospitalized; and
  • 1.1 million are treated and released from an emergency department.

Among children ages 0 to 14 years, TBI results in an estimated

  • 2,685 deaths;
  • 37,000 hospitalizations; and
  • 435,000 emergency department visits.

The number of people with TBI who are not seen in an emergency department or who receive no care is unknown.

The two age groups at greatest risk to sustain a TBI are 0-4 year olds and 15-19 year old.

Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/tbi/Overview.htm Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2/28/2010


Ohio Facts About TBI

3,628 children in Ohio were hospitalized for at least forty-eight hours for a head injury from January 2005 to January 2007. Of these,

  • 2:1 ratio males to females
  • 70% of injuries occur at home, on the street or on the highway
  • Motor vehicle accidents: 33%, falls: 33%, other: 34%

The Biennial Report on the Incidence of Brain Injury in Ohio. (2007) Ohio Rehabilitation Services Commission

These numbers indicate that an average of 1,817 Ohio children very likely sustain a TBI each year.  Multiply that number by 13 years of schooling (kindergarten through 12th grade), and Ohio could have as many as 23,621 students with a TBI in Ohio classrooms.

The number of students in Ohio schools identified with a TBI in 2009-2010 was 1,469.

Ohio Department of Education Child Count


National Facts About TBI

Recent data shows that, on average, approximately 1.7 million people sustain a TBI each year in the United States, that's approximately 3 people per minute.  Of those:

  • 1.4 million are treated and released from a hospital emergency rooms
  • 75% of TBIs that occur each year are concussions or other mild forms of TBI
  • Two age groups at greatest risk to sustain a TBI are 0-4 and 15-19,
  •  Almost half a million emergency department visits for head injury are made annually for children aged 0-14 years

Among children ages 0 to 14 years, TBI results in an estimated

  • 2,685 deaths
  • 37,000 hospitalizations
  • 435,000 emergency department visits

Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury/statistics.html, 2/22/2012

For more information about TBI, national state and local resources for educators and families, and personal stories, check OCALI's TBI Education webpage.