Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ)
Hello! My name is Renee Lake and I am currently a third year doctoral student at the Ohio State University in the school psychology program. I'm also working as an intern at the Ohio Center for Autism and Low Incidence. And, I'm here to talk to you today about the Autism Spectrum Quotient or the AQ.
The AQ is a screening tool designed to detect autistic characteristics in children between the ages of 4-11 years of age.
The tool is a 50-item questionnaire designed to be completed by someone who knows the child very well, typically a parent or guardian.
The 50 items include descriptive statements that the rater responds to using a 4-point scale. The statements are rated from definitely agree to definitely disagree.
The Autism Spectrum Quotient was designed to assess five areas of functioning that may indicate the presence of characteristics consistent with autism. These areas include: social skills, attention switching, attention to detail, communication and imagination
Scoring the Autism Spectrum Quotient is very simple. Each rating has been assigned a value of 0,1,2, or 3. These values correspond to the verbal ratings. After the AQ is completed these values are summed yielding a total score ranging from 0-150. A score of 76 or higher may confirm the presence of autistic-like characteristics. Higher scores correspond with more autistic-like behaviors.
It is important to note that the AQ was designed as a screening tool and should not be used as a diagnostic tool. Screening tools are used to help guide an assessment and may indicate the need for additional assessments. As with any assessment measure, the Autism Spectrum Quotient should not be used in isolation. The AQ can be used to make decisions about the need for additional assessments in the area of autism spectrum disorders.
The Autism Spectrum Quotient is available through the OCALI lending library.